Sunday, May 24, 2020

Unethical Conduct And Its Effects On The Workplace

With the recent cases of unethical conduct in media, there seems to be few models of businesses and leaders operating on ethical principles. It is believed that because of the low ethical standards of leaders that employees feel justified to respond in kind, by increased absenteeism, petty theft, indifference, and poor job performance (Gini). The ethics of leadership has a direct impact on the workplace and affects the ethical choices and decisions that workers make in the workplace. It trickles down through top management and flows through supervisory leaders who influence the behavior or employees by way of direct, day-to-day interaction. B. F. Skinner (1904-1990) believed that through modeling and reinforcement, the individual’s actions are affected, which signifies that the mentor has successfully reproduced the sort after or desired behavior. Unethical behaviors by leaders cause people to be disillusioned about leadership. It often causes people to question the integrity, honesty, and fair play of every leader they are in contact with or come to know. It leaves a lasting negative impression on those affected by the unethical decision, on the organization where the leader is employed, and not to mention on the future credibility and employability of the leader. Literature Review Ethics is the way of understanding and examining the moral or the good life (Altekruse, 2004). It is the assessment and evaluation of values. Ethical leadership is the use of sociallyShow MoreRelatedEthical Issues Of The Workplace1494 Words   |  6 Pages Ethical Issues in the Workplace Student’s Name Task 1 Helen is facing a big problem and challenge as well. This ethical concern can be termed as a challenge rather than a problem since it has not taken a side that can be considered as a problem. The challenge is evident and if the alteration of the financial statement to suit the demands of the customers. In the case Helen changes the document then she will have gone against accounting ethical codes. If she fails to adjust the financialRead MoreEthical Issues in Human Resource Management Strategies936 Words   |  4 Pagesthe future. In business practices, the level of honesty and transparency is referred to as ethics. HRM strategies should guide employees on their workplace behavior. These strategies show the organizations expectations of its employees in regards to ethical issues. Some of the ethical issues are discrimination, harassment, conflict of interest, workplace diversity, and privacy. Discrimination An organization should make sure that its HRM strategy does not discriminate against one because of theirRead MorePros And Cons Of Having A Professional Code Of Ethics1683 Words   |  7 PagesA professional code of ethics acts as a guide concerning ethical conduct in a given profession. However, over time, it has been termed as an impediment to intellectual and moral developments. This way or another, there are advantages as well as disadvantages that emanate from applying the professional code of ethics depending on the context of practices. For this reason, this paper discusses both sides: positive and negative effects of adopting professional standards. For the purpose of this assignmentRead MoreThe Rights and Ethics of Employees with Respect to Privacy at Work788 Words   |  4 Pagesmonitoring—and even recording—employees’ personal phone calls, e-mails, and workplace conversations. Video cameras are trained on employee parking lots, break areas, and other parts of the workplace. Today’s employers have the legal right to conduct search and seizure of employees’ personal property; monitor the employee’s telephone calls, workplace computer, Internet, fax use, and e-mail; perform employee drug testing; and conduct investigation and surveillance of employees. Electronic Surveillance TheRead MoreEst1 Task21159 Words   |  5 PagesWGU EST1 Task 2 Company X Ethics Program Standards and Procedures: Company X expects all employees to conduct themselves with integrity, professional and responsible actions at all times. An employee’s actions in both personal life and professional life should avoid any situations that (A) could be construed as harmful to the company or its employees or (B) cause negative public reactions that could impact Company X customers or customer relations in adverse ways. You are a Company X representativeRead MoreEthical Law Essay740 Words   |  3 Pagesagreement or a duty. It is a failure to act in a required or desired way. This means that breaches occur when legislative requirements are not complied with.  © TAFE WSI - OTEN Examples of breaches of legislation and standard procedures in the workplace may include the following: 1. accessing and reading unnecessary patients medical history and records 2. accessing information that is not required and needed to their job 3. accessing information on family, friends stored in electronic or hard copyRead MoreCode Of Conduct Review And Suggestions1278 Words   |  6 From: Jalenne Olmstead Date: 2/17/2016 Re: Code of Conduct Review and Suggestions In reviewing the code of conduct of Salvation Army, there are many strengths that promote the honesty and integrity of the business. However, there are some weaknesses that as an employee, the Board of Directors could expand and clarify. The policies of Salvation Army, behavior in the workplace, and violations are explicit by definition and support the best interest of the companyRead MoreOrganizational Misbehaviour Is Important For Modern Day Managers1487 Words   |  6 Pagesdescribes organisational misbehaviour as any intentional action by a member or groups of members of an organisation that defines and violates shared organisational norms and expectations, and the core societal values, mores and standards of proper conduct. Misbehaviour is commonly associated with the deliberate errant actions of the organisation’s employees. However in recent works, which indicated that organisational behaviour theorists are starting to view misbehaviour differently, and (GalperinRead M oreStudying Right and Wrong Behavior in Society1385 Words   |  5 Pagesbehavior in a society. In every professional field, there are codes of conduct that govern the actions of those in the field. It is a noble idea to police and oversee codes of ethics. The crisis lies with the individual who chooses not to pursue the code. There are people who are careless about the consequences of their actions by purely living for the moment, and if jail time cannot discourage them from their deed, a code of conduct will be deemed useless. In our day to day life, there is a blatantRead MoreUnethical Behavior Has A Negative Impact On The Public, Economy And Work Environment Essay910 Words   |  4 PagesMerriam-Webster dictionary is â€Å"the principles of conduct governing an individual or a group† (Ethic, 2015). As public administration professionals, we have a duty to make ethical decisions and always put the general public’s interest before our interest. Repeatedly, the gen eral public is being confronted with unethical behavior. Unethical behavior continues to be a persistent problem in the public, nonprofit and for-profit sectors. Some recent unethical behavior includes military sex crime cover-ups

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

The Interestings by Meg Wolitzer - Discussion Questions

The Interestings by Meg Wolitzer was published in April 2013Publisher: Riverhead468 pages may seem like a simple story of how friendships formed as teenagers during summer camp evolve over the years with the characters. In fact, the novel has many threads that book clubs might choose to discuss -- dreams expectations, secrets, relationships and marriage are just a few. If your group is in New York City, there is also a lot about life there over the decades. These questions are designed to spark conversation and help your group go deeper into Wolitzers novel. Spoiler Warning: These questions reveal details of the story. Finish the book before reading on. There are several secrets in the novel. The next few questions will explore some of these, but feel free to bring up others and to discuss the overall role of secrets in the novel with your book club. The Interestings is divided into three parts: Part I - Moments of Strangeness, Part II - Figland, and Part III - The Drama of the Gifted Child. Do you think these titles or divisions are particularly meaningful to the story?Jules is one of the main characters in the novel, and one of her biggest struggles is contentment and envy. Early in the novel, Wolitzer writes of Jules, What if shed said no? she liked to wonder afterward in a kind of strangely pleasurable, baroque horror. What if shed turned down the lightly flung invitation and went about her life, thudding obliviously along like a drunk person, a blind person, a moron, someone who thinks that the small packet of happiness she carries is enough (3).Then later, when Jules is reading Ethan and Ashs Christmas letter, she says, Their lives were much too different now for Jules to have kept up a sustained level of envy. Mostly, she had given up her envy, had let it recede or dissipate so that she wasnt chronically plagued by it (48 ).Do you think Jules ever conquers her envy? Do you think her experiences at Spirit in the Woods and friendships with the Interestings actually made her happier? Why or why not?What did you think of Dennis and of his relationship with Jules? Was it good? Did you sympathize more with him or with her?Did you sympathize with the ways the characters had to adjust their expectations about life, love, and greatness?What did you think of Ethans giving financial help to Jules and Dennis? Was that an appropriate expression of friendship? How can friends navigate very different financial realities?Did you have any camp or teenage experiences that were as forming as Spirit in the Woods?The biggest secret in The Interestings is that Goodman is still alive and in contact with his family. Why do you think Ash never told Ethan? Do you think he would have reacted differently to finding out if Ash had been honest with him?Do you think Goodman raped Cathy? Why or why not?Jonah also holds on to a secr et from his childhood for most of his life -- that he was drugged and his music stolen. Why dont you think Jonah ever told anyone? How did this secret change the course of his life?Ethan secretly loves Jules his whole life. Do you think he also truly loves Ash? What do you think about his other secrets -- contacting Cathy, doubting his love for his son? Are they as big as the secret Ash keeps from him? Why or why not?Were you satisfied with the end of the novel?Rate The Interestings on a scale of 1 to 5.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

My Favourite Writer Free Essays

My Favorite Writer Robert Lynn Asprin, living in New Orleans, was born in 1946. He grew up in campus Ann-Arbor, in environment of book shops, museums and libraries. Since childhood he has got used to appreciate a variety in everything, study at Michigan University and services in army during the Vietnamese war have only strengthened this habit. We will write a custom essay sample on My Favourite Writer or any similar topic only for you Order Now Definitively Asprin’s outlook as a writer was generated 12 years which he has worked in accounts department of small firm – one of the American branches of corporation â€Å"Copier†. Interests and hobbies of the author are extremely various – from fencing and music to fishing and sewing. By own recognition of the writer whom he only was not – the teacher of fencing, the Mongolian commander, the bookkeeper etc. Asprin begins from science fiction novels – more precisely, from science fiction action, sound, but quite traditional, like â€Å"Cold War of Money† (1977), his popularity was brought to him by cycle of novels â€Å"World of thieves†; he is till now the editor-in-chief of this cycle together with his wife Lynn Ebby. Since â€Å"the World of thieves† Asprin becomes that Asprin which is read by millions, – the magnificent master of a comic science fiction and fantasy. After â€Å"The World of thieves† have followed â€Å"Ful’s Company† and well-known â€Å"Mythical Cycle†. In my opinion â€Å"Mythical Cycle† is so good that you can read it in one breath. However if in â€Å"Myth† except humor would be nothing, he wouldn’t receive that popularity what deservedly uses. Asprin’s books are distinguished by that, that you can see our daily life. Asprin’s heroes are real as we and relations between them are not less real, that certainly is a sign of the big literature. They love each other, scoff one at another, support and reject as well as we. How to cite My Favourite Writer, Essay examples

My Favourite Writer Free Essays

My Favorite Writer Robert Lynn Asprin, living in New Orleans, was born in 1946. He grew up in campus Ann-Arbor, in environment of book shops, museums and libraries. Since childhood he has got used to appreciate a variety in everything, study at Michigan University and services in army during the Vietnamese war have only strengthened this habit. We will write a custom essay sample on My Favourite Writer or any similar topic only for you Order Now Definitively Asprin’s outlook as a writer was generated 12 years which he has worked in accounts department of small firm – one of the American branches of corporation â€Å"Copier†. Interests and hobbies of the author are extremely various – from fencing and music to fishing and sewing. By own recognition of the writer whom he only was not – the teacher of fencing, the Mongolian commander, the bookkeeper etc. Asprin begins from science fiction novels – more precisely, from science fiction action, sound, but quite traditional, like â€Å"Cold War of Money† (1977), his popularity was brought to him by cycle of novels â€Å"World of thieves†; he is till now the editor-in-chief of this cycle together with his wife Lynn Ebby. Since â€Å"the World of thieves† Asprin becomes that Asprin which is read by millions, – the magnificent master of a comic science fiction and fantasy. After â€Å"The World of thieves† have followed â€Å"Ful’s Company† and well-known â€Å"Mythical Cycle†. In my opinion â€Å"Mythical Cycle† is so good that you can read it in one breath. However if in â€Å"Myth† except humor would be nothing, he wouldn’t receive that popularity what deservedly uses. Asprin’s books are distinguished by that, that you can see our daily life. Asprin’s heroes are real as we and relations between them are not less real, that certainly is a sign of the big literature. They love each other, scoff one at another, support and reject as well as we. How to cite My Favourite Writer, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Bronze Age Essay Example For Students

Bronze Age Essay THE BRONZE AGE The Bronze Age began in 2800 and lasted till 1050BC. This was almost 2000 years ago. This time period started to replace the use of stone and iron with bronze. The development of trading began with the Aegean and Mediterranean regions. Crete was responsible for major development during the Bronze Age. Their society was based on structures of extravagant places. The Minoans for the next 500 years had had the power in the Aegean but by 1450BC they were over run by the Mycenaean’s which was an important place of the time. They ruled for 500 more years. THE TROJAN LEGENDS Homer is the first and greatest writer of all Greek literary form known as the Epic. People referred to his works for information and about this specific form. Homer’s name will always be linked with the Trojan War because Homer wrote about the conflict between the Trojans and the return vogues of the Greek leaders. He is known for telling us the whole story of the Trojan War but that’s not true. There are plenty of other writers of what’s called the epic cycle who also wrote about the Trojan War which is not noted in Homer’s writing. The epic cycle is a series of stories from ancient Greece. The epic cycle focuses on the Trojan War. Besides the illade and the odyssey, the Trojan War stories include * Kypria * Aithiopus * Little illiad * The sack of illion * The return of reigns Heros; and * Telegony All the stories combined, contribute to the story of the Trojan War. DISCOVERY OF TROY There have been many people that have had a part in the discovery of the city of Troy. Some include, Frank Calvert, Heinrich Schliemann, William Dorpfield, Carl Belgen and Manfred Korfman. Frank Calvert was a British archeologist. He started his work in the town of Hissarlik in Turkey. He was positive the city of Troy was located beneath the city. Seven yeas later after Frank Calvert’s arrival, the German archeologist, Heinrich Schliemann commenced his own excavation. He was a wealthy man and was able to organize his own digs. He first started at the city of Hissarlik. This was a long and stressful process. He hired 160 workers. They removed over 325,000 cubic yards of soil. For all this excavation there were some rewards. Heinrich found several cities on top of each other, but one of them had evidence of burning and destruction. He came to the conclusion that he did find the Troy of Homer’s stories. However, Heinrich also managed to destroy some city remains in the process. Heinrich also had his sets on the Treasure of Prim. This was a room which consisted of all sorts of jewellery. Some included earrings, bracelets, rings and much more. It was estimated that there was up to 8,700 pieces of treasure. It can be said that although Heinrich destroyed many findings, he also uncovered a large part of the city of Troy. William Dorpfield was next on the scene. He ended up discovering 2 more cities. He also found large houses, defensive walls and watch towers. Carl Belgan was able to dig in areas where it had been untouched by previous excavators. He ended up discovering that Troy VI was destroyed by earthquakes and that the houses were poorly built. He also learnt that the city was burnt after 30 years of inhabitance. Manfred Korfman was the most recent person to conduct his excavation of the area. This was in 1988. He too, managed to excavate areas that had been untouched. Heinrich started to excavate at Mycenae as well. This was according to him, the home of Agamemnon the leader of the Greeks. .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 , .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .postImageUrl , .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 , .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:hover , .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:visited , .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:active { border:0!important; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:active , .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569 .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u918385c8262fbd2e30a9a8ebbd95c569:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: David hume 2 EssayHomer had described this city as the ‘rich in gold’. He uncovered a circle of shaft graves. This was found with 15 skeletons covered in gold. Heinrich thought that there were kings and at the bottom was a gold mask on a skeleton which was thought to be Agamemnon’s. However evidence proved this was not the case. The Linear 13 tablets came about by accident. The inscriptions on them were preserved due to natural disasters. They have been dated to the Mycenaean period of 1600-1200BC. The inscription describes such things like economy – in particular wheat and barley. The tablets of Pylos however, mention things such as ‘men watching the coastline’, as well as reference to military equipment and chariots. Some tablets mentioned officials. These gave us clues regarding the Trojan War. According to Homer’s Iliad, the Trojan War began because of Helen’s abduction. The llliad mentions a heroic age and the need for the army to defend enemies. This was an age where the men fought and the women married to have more babies. After the destruction of Troy, the remaining women and children were sold into slavery and the men killed. However, if you were from a powerful family, there were political, military and economical advantages. The Hittites were a fierce civilization. Their time period was in the late Bronze Age, this means they existed in the same time period as the Mycenaean’s. Their scripture were also preserved on clay tablets, they were called cuneiform. HELEN OF TROY Helen of Troy maybe the most famous Greek woman in history. It was her abduction by the Trojan, Paris that began the war of Troy. Helen was a demi-god. A female hero worshiped at shrines in the regions of the Mediterranean. Helen is sometimes not considered human by some scholars. She is described as a mortal with a natural-goddess face. FUNCTION OF MYTH Like most other mythological traditions, Greek myths served several purposes. First, Greek myths explained the world. Second, they acted as a means of exploration. Third, they provided authority and legitimacy. Finally, they provided entertainment. Greek myths lent structure and order to the world and explained how the current state of things had come about. Myths helped worshipers make sense of a religious practice by telling how the practice originated. Myths were used through difficult territory, examining contradictions and ambiguities. For instance, Homer’s Iliad explores the consequences during the Trojan War of the Greek leader Agamemnon’s decision to deprive one of the warrior’s prizes of a female slave. This warrior feels that Agamemnon has assailed his honor but wonders how far he should go in getting back at him. One of t his poem’s themes explores the limits of this. TROJAN WAR – FACT OR FICTION Because of all the past discoveries, I believe it is now more likely than not that there were several armed conflicts in and around Troy at the end of the Late Bronze Age. We do not know whether all or some of these conflicts were collected in later memory into the Trojan War or whether there was an especially memorable, single Trojan War. Whatever the case, everything currently points that Homer should be taken seriously, that his story of a military conflict between Greeks and the people of Troy is based on a memory of historical events whatever these may have been. In conclusion, if someone came up to me and asked if the Trojan War DID happen, my response, after studying the material would be: why not?

Saturday, March 28, 2020

When Was Do It free essay sample

Is an admired aesthetic of attitude, behavior, comportment, appearance and style, influenced by and a product of the Zeitgeist. Because of the varied and changing connotations of cool, as well its subjective nature, the word has no single meaning. It has associations of composure and self-control (CB. The Definition) and often Is used as an expression of admiration or approval. Although commonly regarded as slang, it is widely used among disparate social groups, and has endured in usage for generations. There is no single concept of cool. One of the essential heartsickness of cool is its mutability-?what is considered cool changes over time and varies among cultures and generations. [l] Nick Southeast writes that, although some notions of cool can be traced back to Aristotle, whose notion of cool Is to be found in his ethical writings, most particularly the Mechanical it is not confined to one particular ethnic group or gender. We will write a custom essay sample on When Was Do It or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Although there is no single concept of cool, its definitions fall into a few broad categories.Cool as a behavioral characteristic The sum and substance of cool is a self-conscious aplomb in overall behavior, which entails a set of specific behavioralcharacteristics that is firmly anchored in cosmology, a set of discernible bodily movements, postures, facial expressions and voluptuousness that are acquired and take on strategic social value within the peer context. [3] Cool was once an attitude fostered by rebels and underdogs, such as slaves, prisoners, bikers and political dissidents, etc. For whom open rebellion invited punishment, so it hid defiance behind a wall of ironic detachment, distancing Itself from the source of authority rather than directly confronting let. [4] cool as a state of being Cool has been used to describe a general state of well-being, a transcendent, internal peace and serenity. [5] It can also refer to an absence of conflict, a state of harmony and balance as in, The land Is cool, or as In a cool [spiritual] heart. Such meanings, according to Thompson, are African In origin.Cool Is related In this sense to both social control and transcendental balance. [5] Cool can similarly be used to describe composure and absence of excitement in a person-?especially in times of stress-?as expressed in the idiom to keep your cool. In a related way, the word can be seed to express agreement or assent. As In the phrase Im cool with that. Cool as aesthetic appeal Cool is also an attitude widely adopted by artists and intellectuals, who thereby aided its infiltration into popular culture.Sought by product marketing firms, idealized by teenagers, a shield against racial oppression or political persecution and source of constant cultural innovation, cool has become a global phenomenon that has spread to every corner of the earth. [2] According to Dick Fountain and David Robins, concepts of cool have existed for centuries in several cultures. [l] Cool as an epithet While slang terms are usually short-lived coinages and figures of speech, cool Is an especially ubiquitous slang word, most notably among young people.As well as being understood throughout the English-speaking world, the word has even entered the general positive epithet or interjection, which can have a range of related adjectival meanings. Regions Africa and the African Diaspora Your bronze head sculpture from the city of Fife, Nigeria c. 12th century A. D Author Robert Affair Thompson, professor of art history at Yale University, suggests that tutu, which he translates as mystic coolness,'[6] is one of three pillars of a elisions philosophy created in the 1 5th century[7] by Your and Gobo civilizations of West Africa.Cool, or tutu, contained meanings of conciliation and gentleness of character, of generosity and grace, and the ability to defuse fights and disputes. It also was associated with physical beauty. In Your culture, tutu is connected to water, because to the Your the concept of coolness retained its physical connotation of temperature. [8] He cites a definition of cool from the Goal people flabbier, who define it as the ability to be mentally calm or detached, in an other- orally fashion, from ones circumstances, to be nonchalant in situations where emotionalism or eagerness would be natural and expected. [5] Joseph M.Murphy writes that cool is also closely associated with the deity Sun of the Your religion. [9] Although Thompson acknowledges similarities between African and European cool in shared notions of self-control and imperturbability,[8] he finds the cultural value of cool in Africa which influenced the African Diaspora to be different from that held by Europeans, who use the term primarily as the ability to remain calm under stress. According to Thompson, there is significant weight, meaning and spirituality attached to cool in traditional African cultures, something which, Thompson argues, is absent from the idea in a Western context. Control, stability, and composure under the African rubric of the cool seem to constitute elements of an all-embracing aesthetic attitude. African cool, writes Thompson, is more complicated and more variously expressed than Western notions of sang- frond (literally, cold blood), cooling off, or even icy determination. (Thompson, African Arts) The telling point is that the mask of lowness is worn not only in time of stress, but also of pleasure , in fields of expressive performance and the dance.Struck by the re-occurrence of this vital notion elsewhere in tropical Africa and in the Black Americas, I have come to term the attitude an aesthetic of the cool in the sense of a deeply and completely motivated, consciously artistic, interweaving of elements serious and pleasurable, of responsibility and play. [10] African Americans Ronald Perry writes that many words and expressions have passed from African American Vernacular English into Standard English slang including the contemporary meaning of the word cool. [11] The definition, as something fashionable, is said to have been popularized in Jazz circles by tenor saxophonist Lester Young. [12] This predominantly black Jazz scene in the U. S. And among expatriate musicians unpartisan helped popularize notions of cool in the U. S. In the sass, giving birth to Bohemian, or beatnik, culture. [2] Shortly thereafter, a style of Jazz called cool jazz appeared on the music scene, emphasizing a restrained, laid-back solo style. And self-possession, of an absence of conflict are commonly understood in both African and African American contexts well.Expressions such as, Dont let it blow your cool, later, chill out, and the use of chill as a characterization of inner contentment or restful repose all have their origins infract American Vernacular English. [14] When the air in the smoke-filled nightclubs of that era became unbeatable, windows and doors were opened to allow some cool air in from the outside to help clear away the suffocating air. By analogy, the slow and smooth Jazz style that was typical for that late-night scene came to be called 5] Marlene Kim Connors connects cool and the post-war African-American experience in her kook What is Cool? Understanding Black Manhood in America. Connors writes that cool is the silent and knowing rejection of racist oppression, a self-dignified expression of masculinity developed by black men denied mainstream expressions of manhood. She writes that mainstream per ception of cool is narrow and distorted, with cool often perceived merely as style or arrogance, rather than a way to achieve respect. [16] Designer Christian Laconic has said that . .. The history of cool in America is the history of African-American culture . 17] Cool pose Malcolm X embodied essential elements of cool . [18] Cool, though an amorphous quality-?more mystique than material-?is a pervasive element in urban black male culture. [18] Majors and Billion address what they term cool pose in their study and argue that it helps Black men counter stress caused by social oppression, rejection and racism. They also contend that it furnishes the black male with a sense of control, strength, confidence and stability and helps him deal with the closed doors and negative messages of the generalized other. They also believe that attaining black manhood is filled with pitfalls of discrimination, negative self-image, guilt, shame and fear. 19] Cool pose may be a factor in discrimination in education contributing to the achievement gaps in test scores. In a 2004 study, researchers found that teachers perceived students with African American culture- related movement styles, referred to as the cool pose, as lower in achievement, higher in aggression, and more likely to need special education services than students with standard movement styles, irrespective of race or other academic indicators. 20] The issue of stereotyping and discrimination with respect to cool pose raises complex questions of assimilation and accommodation of different ultra values. Jason W. Osborne identifies cool pose as one of the factors in black underachievement. [21] Robin D. G. Kelley criticizes calls for assimilation and sublimation of black culture, including cool pose. He argues that media and academics have unfairly demonic these aspects of black culture while, at the same time, through their sustained fascination with blacks as exotic others, appropriated aspects of cool pose into the broader popular culture. 22] George Elliott Clarke writes that Malcolm X, like Miles Davis, embodies essential elements of cool. As n icon, Malcolm X inspires a complex mixture of both fear and fascination in broader American culture, much like cool pose itself. [18] East Asia Main article: Cool Japan In Japan, synonyms of cool could be Ski and SSI. These are traditional commoners aesthetics of Japan to samurai, but this is historically inaccurate. In fact, samurai from the countryside have often been the target of ridicule by the commoner in the civilized Eddo in many art forms including Aragua, a form of comical story telling.Some argue that the ethic of the Samurai caste in Japan, warrior castes in India and East Asia all resemble cool. [l] The samurai-themed works of film director Kara Sarasota are among the most praised of the genre, influencing many filmmakers across the world with his techniques and storytelling. Notable works of his include The Seven Samurai, Yogi, and The Hidden Fortress. The latter was one of the primary inspirations for George Lacunas Star Wars, which also borrows a number of aspects from the samurai, for example the Jed Knights of the series.Samurai have been presented as cool in many modern Japanese movies such as Samurai Fiction, Shamuses,[23] and which was appropriated in American ivies such as Ghost Dog[25] and The Last Samurai[26] In The Art of War, a Chinese military treatise written during t he 6th century BC, general Sun TTS, a member of the landless Chinese aristocracy, wrote in Chapter XII: Profiting by their panic, we shall exterminate them completely; this will cool the Kings courage and cover us with glory, besides ensuring the success of our mission.Proof. Paul Wally considers Tokyo one of the worlds capitals of cool. Asian countries have developed a tradition on their own to explore types of modern cool or ambiguous aesthetics. In a Time Asia article The Birth of Cool author Hannah Beech describes Asian cool as a revolution in taste led by style gurus who are redefining Chinese craftsmanship in everything from architecture and film to clothing and cuisine and as a modern aesthetic inspired both by a Mining-era minimalism and a strenuous attention to detail. 27] Paul Wally, professor of Human Geography at the University of Leeds, considers Tokyo along with New York, London and Paris to be one of the worlds capitals of and the Washington Post called Tokyo Japans Empire of Cool and Japan the coolest nation on Earth. Analysts are marveling at the breadth of a recent explosion in cultural exports, and many argue that the international embrace of Japans pop culture, film, food, style and arts is second only to that of the United States. B usiness leaders and government officials are now referring to Japans gross national cool as a new engine for economic growth and societal buoyancy. 29] The term gross national cool was coined by Journalist Douglas McGraw. In a June/July 2002 article in Foreign Policy magazine,[30] he argued that as Japans economic Juggernaut took a wrong turn into a ten-year slump, and tit military power made impossible by a pacifist constitution, the nation had quietly emerged as a cultural powerhouse: From pop music to consumer electronics, architecture to fashion, and food to art, Japan has far greater cultural influence now than it did in the sass, when it was an economic superpower. [31] The notion of Asian cool applied to Asian consumer electronics is borrowed from the cultural media theorist Eric Mclean who described cool or cold media as stimulating participants to complete additive or visual media content, in sharp contrast to hot Edie that degrades the viewer to a merely passive or non-interactive receiver.Europe Mona Lisa, or La Giaconda (La Cocooned), by Leonardo dad Vinci experimentations, an aristocratic Aristocratic cool, known as supersaturate, has existed in Europe for centuries, particularly when re lating to frank amorality and love or illicit pleasures behind closed doors;[l] Repeals Portrait of Balderdash Castigation and Leonardo dad Vines Mona Lisa are classic examples of supersaturate. [32] The supersaturate of the Mona Lisa is seen in both her smile and the positioning of her hands.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

A Summary of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World Essays

A Summary of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World Essays A Summary of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World Essay A Summary of Aldous Huxleys Brave New World Essay Essay Topic: Brave New World Through its pessimistic view f human nature, Huxley elaborates on the methods of achieving a utopia, depicting a future horror in reality. Using the artificially implanted ideas caused by hypermedia, community is achieved when everyone works for everyone else (peg. 91) in order to achieve maximum happiness for the whole society. One of the methods to achieve community is citizens practice a certain way of life that follows the rule that everyone belongs to everyone else (peg. 43), meaning it encourages citizens to have multiple sex partners, or participate in many sexual orgy in order to reach solidarity. Also, the World State believes erotic play between children and adolescents as normal and moral. Next, the social caste system is a high priority to community, since each of the five castes, Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta, Epsilons, conditioning is deluded into feeling as if they are part of the society and not a social outcast. With hypermedia, each caste is thought to appreciate higher classes and conform to the caste ones put in due to repetitive teachings such as, Alpha children wear gray. They work much harder than we do, because theyre so frightfully clever. Im really awfully glad Im a Beta, because I dont work so hard. (peg. 7) The last method used is World State citizens are required to attend strictly regulated, scheduled social activities, such as a solidarity service, obstacle golf and Centrifugal Bumble-puppy, in order to keep citizens occupied and docile. However, if a citizen is withdrawn from everyone else, not promiscuous enough, or does not agree to ones caste, community is not achieved. The methods reveal Huxley fears lack of morality, communism, and lack of free thinking. By encouraging citizens to participate in sexual activities and not think of fidelity, Huxley fears human will have a lack of morality and not know DOD conduct, or behavior is. Creating a caste system for the citizens to belong to show Huxley fear that a Communist dictatorship will run how your part of society. Requiring citizens to participate in social activities in order to keep one busy and not feel alone shows that Huxley fears that one will never be able to have free thinking, or to reflect on the meaning of life. The methods used for community is appalling, immoral, frightening, but in order for community to be achieve the results of identity must be assured. Identity is achieved by teaching World State citizens to inform to ones caste, in order to make one feel different, odd, or a social outcast if one feels more than the minimum of individuality. In the book, genetic engineering is Gamma, Delta, Epsilons, are purposely affected by genetic engineering, for it results in the subordination and inferiority the lower orders have against the upper classes. By pharmaceutically anesthetizing each caste specifically, each caste will passively serve the ruling order. The method of the caste system and using hypermedia is once again revisited, for identity is affected by citizens direct role. The lower orders are aught to hate flowers and books, for A love of nature keeps no factories busy. It was decided to abolish the love of nature, at any rate among lower classes, to abolish the love of nature, but not the tendency to consume transport. (peg. 23) Also, the teachings cause citizens to lack as an individual, for hypermedia teaches children that, Till at last the childs mind is these suggestions, and the sum of the suggestions is the childs mind. And not the childs mind only. The adults mind too-all his life long. The mind that Judges and desire and decides-made up of these suggestions. But all these suggestions are our suggestions Suggestions from the State. (peg. 28-29) Therefore causes citizens to be brainwashed to do their Jobs, either as menial labors, perform administrative Jobs, or work in the government, instead of standing out as an individual in ones caste. The methods used to achieve identity show Huxley fears the possibility of few leaders able to control the masses of the World, for Brave New Worlds government can make people think and look the same without defiance. The methods for community and identity are frightfully thought-provoking ideas but stability needs to be achieved in order for the World State society to be successful as a whole. Through World State citizens work, entertainment, and the consumption of soma, stability will be achieved. The methods to achieve stability has been previously discussed in community and identity, but in order for community and identity to be achieved there must be stability overall. Work is the first method to stabilizing the society, for if one works, there would not be enough time for one to think after work hours only time to dive into pleasure and fun, which leads to entertainment. For entertainment, citizens can do whatever they please as an unconscious reward, since there is no consequences only the risk of citizens to be occupied and docile in their own affairs. Lastly, the consumption of soma, a drug that entertains and raises the sensibility of the consumer, helps insure worldwide stability, since citizens believe a grammar in time saves nine. (peg. 89) With the shallow happiness given to citizens by the utopians government, Huxley fears that people will be controlled through rewards, which poses a greater threat to human freedom rather than punishment. In the west of the world, this seems to be the case, for the people who possess greater power control peoples spending, political loyalties, and even their thoughts with pleasure and distraction, such as large commercial businesses airing commercial Jingles to consumers to buy certain products, instead of consumers buying from little businesses. Also, Huxley fears drugs like tranquilizer, a drug that smooth out any inconvenient instincts of resistance, which is similar to a soma-holiday that eliminates unhappiness, for drugs can invade and take over the conscious mind and culture. All things considered, Brave New World does create the perfect utopian future for the real world, and achieves community, identity and stability. However, the sacrifices to peppiness such as human freedom and individualism to reach the society goals are the caste system, the way of life, the entertainment, the role citizens play in society and the soma for shallow happiness and to achieve the World States motto shows Huxley fears. Huxley fears communism, lack of individuality, lack of ones own control over mind, and the increase of industrialization, but all these fears are supposedly needed to make a perfect utopia? Indeed, through its pessimistic view of human nature, Huxley elaborates on the methods of achieving a utopia, depicting a future horror in reality.